The Difference Between a Copyright and a Trademark
Copyrights and trademarks are two forms of intellectual property rights. People often confuse the two, however significant differences exist that distinguish one from the other. Let’s take a look at these differences to help you better understand which, if either, is right for your invention design:
What is a Copyright?
A copyright refers specifically to works of authorship, such as songs, books, dramatic or musical plays, software, and photographs, and provides the creator with exclusive rights to the material. Whatever the material, tangible expression is required to get the work copyrighted.
To obtain a copyright, you must register with the United States Copyright Office. This is something you can do on your own or with the help of an intellectual property lawyer. If you decide to hire an attorney, you will likely be asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding your new invention. This provides the lawyer with a thorough understanding of your work.
Once all necessary information is collected, either by you or your attorney, you will file a copyright application with the copyright office. It generally takes six to nine months to receive your Certificate of Registration in the mail, however the copyright is effective immediately following acceptance.
After you receive your copyright, it is within your legal rights to reproduce, distribute, display and perform the work however you see fit. You may also create derivative works, or works based on your original creation. If a person or business unlawfully copies your work, you have the right to take legal action against the person/company in federal court.
What is a Trademark?
A trademark is defined as an “identifying mark that distinguishes particular goods and services.” It is a brand name. Considered necessary assets when forming a business, examples of trademarks include words, logos, symbols, phrases, names or a combination of these. And while a trademark is different from a copyright, the application process is similar. If working with an attorney, who will help manage your idea and the application process. You will again need to fill out a questionnaire, and the lawyer will perform a trademark search before finalizing the application.
The next step is filing your application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. How long it will take for your trademark to register depends on a number of factors, such as an application based on use in commerce or intent to use. The process can take up to several years.
Acquiring a trademark demonstrates public notice of ownership. It also establishes your legal rights and makes legal action possible should a person or company violate these rights.
(This is a guest post by Kevin Skaggs and Idea Design Studio)
After years of questions and partnerships I have compiled a full guide to explaining software agreements. In this book you can learn all the basics of POCs, LOIs, MVPs and what you need to know to build great products.
For more information go here or buy directly here. Topics included are: How to make a software agreement, How to Partner and make pilot programs, Enterprise engagements- acquisition or integrations.
Soon the kindle and amazon version will be ready.
Have more questions? Shoot me an email.
Everyone says I'm going to do it again, like an addict looking for the next high but I'm not so sure. Whenever I'm on an airplane now I don't think of the meetings I am going to, but how fast until I am back home. I wash my face daily and get more than six hours of sleep a night, I often go to bed by 10pm and wake up at the times that I used to go to sleep. I'm no longer a founder and as sad as it is, its refreshing to realize I escaped the entire experience alive. Becoming an unfounder wasn't an overnight experience, its probably the same way someone from an addiction must think about how long it has been since they were clean and while I don't know the exact day I stopped being a founder, I consider it to be November 5th, 2013, the day I was checked into a Manhattan ER and hooked up to a I.V of powerful antibiotics while a ConsumerBell attorney texted me in a flurry about a recent legal settlement and the entire room smelled like bleach from the saline and meds being pumped into my body. "I am done" I told myself and not in the frantic ways I had done before but in a calm, exhausted exhale. Besides I had signed an employment contract days earlier, this time I meant it.
So what I want to say in a non-whimsical way is that being an unfounder is quite the opposite of how it all started and way less romantic, but its nice when meeting other founders who need help and you can offer them advice and they explain, "No but really you don't know how it is" and you calmly sit there and think, "Yes, yes I do."
Turns out someone was listening when I wrote this post on How to Fight the SFMTA and Win. In fact a lot of people were listening: in the year since I first published this post I have been contacted or helped over 50 people with their similar issues with the SFMTA ticketing them for "evading fare." Stories ranged from elderly persons getting kicked off their bus on the way to the hospital because their transfer ticket was slightly ripped over the cutoff time to Clipper Card malfunctions.
Eventually the responses became overwhelming so I began to forward them to Vicky Nguyen of NBC Investigates and she took a look. As it turns out my situation was not only common but the city's data showed not only a huge surge in citations (and revenue) but also the lack of appeals and abnormal amount of successful overturns. This made me the less than 1% of people who fought bought and successfully won against the SFMTA.
For the original newspost go here or click on the images below. Be your own judge.
Lately I have been getting a good amount of solicitations from founders asking if I will cofound / invest / advise / product manage / guide or whatever it is a startup needs. This is inevitable as we all learn and progress and teach the trade to those earlier on the learning curve though I wanted to point something out:
Founders, please don't bullshit me.
I was once you. I know more, have been through more and know what its like to make things connect. That said if you want me to cofound / invest / advise / product manage / guide or whatever it is a startup needs, start with being honest and just say what you need.
I help honest people who don't waste my time.
Below are some pictures of me when I had no idea what I was doing too...
4/1/2014 0 Comments
Every year there seems to be an incredible opportunity to shape and inspire budding entrepreneurs, especially women and especially in tech and this Spring I got the honor of all three in one event for Cornell's first annual Johnson Women in Technology Conference hosted by Citibank in New York City.
Back in 2012 I lectured at Yale's Entrepreneurial Institute in a program titled, "Putting a Price on Yourself" and in 2013 I joined Kristin Luck and several other amazing ladies on a panel at Barnard College discussing Miss Representation the documentary and what it means for women who are breaking barriers in various careers and industries.
What was most interesting to me about the JWIT program (Johnson Women in Technology) conference was that it was founded by female entrepreneurs in the Cornell MBA programs and focused specifically on technology. This was very cool as I met other amazing women working on technical projects at big firms like Sabre, EBay, Accenture, Adobe and more (My exact panels were Trends and Innovations in the Tech Industry and East Coast tech versus West Coast tech). The finer touches of the conferences were solid and the talent pool intimidating with who was there but it really got me thinking about the larger picture:
alhambra high school, march 2014
While I am "from" San Carlos, CA and spent most of my childhood hanging out with my father at his startup (at the time called eBiocare.com which was later acquired) and graduated from Carlmont High School, what most people don't know is I spent most of my high school hours on campus at Alhambra High School. I played four sports (Tennis, Basketball, Cross-Country and Track) and was active in many clubs. I had high hopes of attending an Ivy League school and was pretty set on Dartmouth (for the writing program and nature), Harvard (for the competition and access to resources) and Cornell (rigorous programs and in New York state proper) I wasn't able to go to any of these schools because when my father passed away my Junior year of high school my home life and school life was completely thrown on its head with court hearings, probate hearings and general chaos that ensures with the patriarch of a family is gone and money is involved.
[And which is also why later this year I am opening a foundation in my father's name to help grant scholarships to those affected by ill-parents. The program will be run through the Stogdell-Silverman Foundation and will start for the 2015 school year]
TOP CALIFORNIA GRADUATE
What's interesting to me is that I stayed in touch with my teachers, friends and have generally felt good energy towards Alhambra especially since this was the same high school of my father as well. Once I was forced to transfer high schools my senior year I had little interest in social or athletic activities: my only interest was graduating (quickly) and getting into a school where I could not only afford the tuition (while my college fund was tied up with lawyers) but also stay in the State in California for the sleuth of various hearings requiring my presence. It wasn't ideal but it shaped who I have become and allowed me to transfer some grants to Humboldt State University and get the education I needed, excel in my career in technology and eventually be awarded as one of their Distinguished Alumni and later awarded by the State of California as a top Science and Technology graduate of the California educational system (What an honor!) It has also made speaking at Yale, Barnard, and Cornell even more important as these were places I always dreamed of going and can leave my own little mark in a way as a guest lecturer. And despite all the fancy schools and companies and events I have spoke at, what has been on my radar for the last few years has been to "bring it back home" meaning take what I have learned and been through and inspire all the would-be Ellie's out there to reach for the stars and what better place to do that then an awkward, teenager filled room in the suburbs of the SF bay area like Alhambra? Challenge accepted.
teaching passion, one high schooler at a time
Sometime in high school I found myself attracted to computers, taking classes that involved excel or making widgets or what-have-you. I even took some c# and java classes as a teenager. Luckily growing up in the Bay Area we always had access to "cutting edge" technologies and at Alhambra I was able to take several classes with computers and the same technology teacher I had back then (which seems REALLY far away given that it was 15 years ago now, ouch) is still teaching so on a business trip through SF I made a commitment for "Tikkun Olam" or "To give back" or "to repair the world" and given a small presentation.
Despite all the world travels and fancy events, my highlights this year has been helping High School kids understand what it means to start a business, how to calculate ROI, track tasks and projects, scope a mobile app idea and leverage technology to further their career. I'm not sure all who I inspired that day but I hope that I planted the seeds of tomorrow innovation and moreover I will continue to do so until a field of minds come marching towards new tech. You will get tired of seeing my handwriting.
So, its now April 1st 2014 and I have helped launch a webinar series at Koombea helping educate future developers and founders, been featured by Adknowledge as on of Top 23 Global Marketers, created a scholarship, helped the FDA with community outreach, supported the launch of a first ever NY Fashion Tech Accelerator program, attended four tech conferences, talked to high schoolers, talked to MBAs, competed in a couple regattas, traveled over 40,000 miles and advised almost a dozen start-ups on product-market-fit and how to launch their apps and all just for this year. I mention this because the world is infinite and there is more information available online than ever before and cheaper (if not free) than it ever was. So while I work at Koombea and help scope and design and assist others with their amazing app ideas and solutions I have to ask: what have you done today to change the world? What will be your mark?
I wouldn't look at all the fancy news articles about tech millionaires or pay too much attention to all the negative energy in the world but if a scrappy gal from the suburbs of SF can accomplish so much in just a few months why can't you give that one idea a crack or find a way to make someone else's like more beautiful today?
"Yad B’yad" or "Hand in Hand" we are in this together.
After weeks of traveling (which is common for my new job) and unpredictable events, I ended up having to turn a well planned personal 1-on-1 dinner with a friend into a family event and I felt so guilty about it as he might not be interested in participating but I wanted to see him but also my family. On short notice I asked my friend if he didn't mind joining us for Shabbat dinner and he happily agreed and showed up with charm and flexibility, brought wine and made conversation with my aunt and cousins and other guests. I was feeling really grateful for his flexibility and at the end of the family night he and I got a few minutes alone at a wine bar where he told me the story of "DABs":
Friend: a "DAB" is a "Down Ass B*tch" basically a woman who is awesome and can roll under any set of circumstances. You can call them anytime and they are there.
Ellie: But isn't that a bit insulting, like the women is on standby or on the back burner?
Friend: No. its a huge compliment. I don't see it as insulting.
Ellie: Well I take offense to it. I feel like I have many amazing qualities but I'm not some "b*tch" that you can keep in a corner.
Friend: its a compliment! There's nothing wrong with it
Ellie: So let me get this right, a DAB is someone who can hang with family go to fancy events or chill parties and just roll with whatever?
Ellie:... and they are okay with last minute changes and still have a good time?
Friend. Yup, you got it.
Ellie: ... and they are the type of person you can have your parents meet and will be on time and bring wine or flowers or whatever it takes?
Friend: Exactly! They just show up and do what's needed.
Ellie: So say you had plans for a low key dinner together and at the last minute it got changed to a shabbat dinner with family a DAB wouldn't ask questions they would just show up with wine and make for a great evening?
Friend: Yes! Exactly, you finally got it!
Ellie: Then wouldn't that make YOU a DAB?
[Silence, my friends smile and face completely stopped]
Ellie: What's wrong? Isn't being a DAB a huge compliment?
Not all marketing needs to be "great" to get attention but even being interesting can be enough. Here are few items that caught my eye recently.
#Concept: Intro to campaigns around customization
Notes: This is really interesting as its a ramp up to their campaign around customization of cell phones and accessories. Very simple. Different but interesting background and simple branding. Well done.
Placement: Grocery Store
#Concept: Wine on the go
Notes: This is really interesting as there are not many products like it. Considering its illegal to have an open container in the U.S I wonder the purpose of a to-go cup of sorts of chardonnay. Really interesting.
Also the colors and label work well with looking clean and having contrast. Every the glittery label seal matches the colors of the wine and label.
Curious what this brand grows into...
MOST GENIUS PLACEMENT EVER:
While browsing CVS I saw the notable "Ghilardelli" holiday chocolate squares near the registers.
I'm not sure who at the chain was bribed but this doesn't appear to be a mistake as the Hershey bars resemble the branding of Ghilardelli, are price about double (and appear to be more than double in size). Also the Hershey bars are rather neat while the little squares are not and its almost impossible to see the brand of the square.
Total genius. Looks like Hersheys is finding a way to take the market share of Christmas back from Ghilardelli.
So much of marketing out there influences how we think and feel about product placement and buying. Periodically I will try to upload some examples.
Here's some examples of items that caught my eye and personal thoughts:
Product: Storage Units
Placement: Train / Public Transportation
#FAIL: Too political
Notes: Regardless of how you feel about the GOP, recent U.S Government Shutdown or what party you are associated with this add is not funny and here is why:
Product: TV Show (reruns)
Placement: Train / Public Transportation
#FAIL: Self Depreciating
Notes: Seinfeld is a known TV classic, reruns can often generate revenues as they can draw in new and old viewers. The problem here is that it highlights "nothing" and is confusing about the times:
Product: Corporate Campaign
Placement: Train / Public Transportation
#FAIL: Too wordy
Notes: The images and coloring schema of this Ad is fairly nice, however its in response to a corporate campaign and has too much explanation.
Product: Art of Shaving
Placement: Train / Public Transportation
Notes: The product is placed perfectly in the middle. Logo and branding could be more prominent however the Ad is sexist as it implies that men being taken over by their wives with a undertone enough to make men and women both uncomfortable
Most women I know found this ad to be sexist at worse, odd at best. A couple male friends of mine thought it was either odd or "okay." My suggestion would have been to phrase the ad something like "All the power you need for a real shave" or "Your weapon this holiday season."
The most popular suggestion:
"if the ad wanted to market to women they should have shown a man laying his head on a women's lap saying, "be ready" and a image of a shaving kit."
Well okay I'm not sure if I'm "exactly" employee number #102 but I do know that the company I am joining was founded by a good friend of mine six years ago, who I have worked with on several large and small projects, and has over hundred employees at this point.
I'm officially coming on board as an Advisor.
When you have to move on from something you loved (my former start-up baby of over three years) all you want to do is work and be part of something that you love even more. I thought about going to a large corporation to be an "intrapreneur" or perhaps get a cushy executive job or maybe even just write a book or go somewhere tropical to de-stress but ultimately I wanted to work with people that I admire, who can challenge me and become something even larger and bigger and successful than I've encountered before. While Koombea is no longer a "small" company by any definitions, I believe in their founder Jonathan Tarud and what the team is working on at Koombea. I want to be an important part of its future- my first startup never IPO'd and I would like to get as close of a feeling of what that might be like and now seems like the perfect time.
So for everyone that needs help or ideas around product design or marketing still ping me. Koombea is giving me lots of freedom to help others and contribute to the software and start-up communities and for those of you who don't know what Koombea does: they build amazing apps and web solutions for early stage startups and enterprises. They even work with some large corporations and can build very creative mobile apps. The way that I see it is that Koombea helps entrepreneurs and innovators get their product out the door with high quality. Koombea to me is the next 'Pivotal Labs' and I couldn't be more excited to join the team at this very stage in my personal life and professional life. Koombea has offices in San Francisco, New York, and Barranquila, Colombia.
More questions or information feel free to shoot me a note: e (dot) cachette (at) gmail.com or a tweet @ecachette.
Koombea is coding apps and taking names so I guess I am too!